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California Proposition 20, Coastal Initiative Collection, 1972-1972 | Special Collections & University Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: California Proposition 20, Coastal Initiative Collection, 1972-1972Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1972

Primary Creator: California Proposition 20 (1971)

Extent: 0.63 Linear Feet

Subjects: Coastal ecology--California--History--20th century--Sources, Coastal zone management--California--Citizen participation--History--20th century--Sources, Coasts--California, Political participation--California--History--20th century--Sources, Referendum--California--History--20th century--Sources

Forms of Material: Personal Papers

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The collection consists of materials regarding the Proposition 20 campaign from 1972, most of which are from organizations which worked to defeat the measure.

Biographical Note

The voters of California, by an 800,000 vote margin (55%-45%), passed the Coastal Initiative, Proposition 20, in November 1972. The proposition created six regional commissions and one statewide commission to oversee the use and development of California's 1,000 mile coastline. Members of the regional and state commissions were to be locally appointed in some instances, with a percentage of the appointments filled by the Governor, state Senate Rules Committee, and the Speaker of the Assembly.

Proposition 20 was designed to address the state legislature's failure to produce an acceptable compromise measure regarding coastal ecology, protection, and preservation. Ecology groups and interested private citizens drew up the initiative and obtained the required number of voter signatures to qualify the proposition for the November 1972 ballot within two months of the Legislature's final defeat of the previous coastal bill.

Proposition 20 was, from the start, very controversial. Business and labor banded together in their opposition to the initiative; two of every three daily newspapers in California joined this odd coalition, as did numerous civic and service groups. Although an effective and vigorous campaign by the proposition's opponents was the result, the Proposition's supporters were ultimately successful.

Subject/Index Terms

Coastal ecology--California--History--20th century--Sources
Coastal zone management--California--Citizen participation--History--20th century--Sources
Political participation--California--History--20th century--Sources
Referendum--California--History--20th century--Sources

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections & University Archives

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: The copyright interests in these materials have not been transferred to San Diego State University. Copyright resides with the creators of materials contained in the collection or their heirs. The nature of historical archival and manuscript collections is such that copyright status may be difficult or even impossible to determine.  Requests for permission to publish must be submitted to the Head of Special Collections, San Diego State University, Library and Information Access. When granted, permission is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical item and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder(s), which must also be obtained in order to publish. Materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials.

Related Materials: Frederick C. Whitney Papers

Preferred Citation: Identification of item, folder title, box number, California Proposition 20 Coastal Initiative Collection, Special Collections and University Archives, Library and Information Access, San Diego State University.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],

Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Newspaper Clippings: San Diego Union, San Diego Evening Tribune, San Diego Labor LeaderAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Post-Election Analysis of the Proposition 20 Campaign: by Whitaker & Baxter Advertising Firm (the PR agency of the opposition)Add to your cart.
Folder 3: News Releases: "San Diegans Against Proposition 20", September-October 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Various Campaign Materials: "Citizens Against the Coastal Initiative" (a state-wide organization)Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Copy of San Diego Ballot, November 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Contribution List: Check log for "Citizens Against" campaignAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Copy of Proposition 20Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Municipal/Legal Opposition to Proposition 20Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Opposition Correspondence: Specific and form lettersAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: New Releases: "Citizens Against the Coastal Initiative"Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Operation Expenses: "Citizens Against the Coastal Initiative"Add to your cart.
Folder 12: List of Organizations Opposing Proposition 20Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Proponents of Proposition 20Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Information requests regarding Proposition 20: mostly to opponentsAdd to your cart.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],

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