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Enriqueta Chavez Papers, 1955-2000 | Special Collections & University Archives

By Amanda Lanthorne

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Collection Overview

Title: Enriqueta Chavez Papers, 1955-2000Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1965-1975

Primary Creator: Chavez, Enriqueta

Extent: 12.51 Linear Feet

Arrangement:

I. Groups and Organizations Files, 1965-2000

     1. Community Organizations, 1969-1983

     2. Student Groups, 1965-2000

II. Education Files, 1962-1980

     1. Bilingual Education, 1962-1980

     2. Higher Education, 1964-1980

III. Publications, 1955-1980

     1. Articles, 1955-1978

     2. Periodicals, 1965-1980

Date Acquired: 01/30/2009

Subjects: Chicano movement--California, San Diego State University. Chicana and Chicano Studies

Forms of Material: Personal Papers

Languages: English, Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Enriqueta Chavez Papers (1955-2000) document Chavez's work as a student activist, educator, counselor, and advocate for bilingual education.  Highlights include materials relating to the Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán's (MEChA) role in the operation and administration of the Mexican-American Studies Department.  The majority of material dates from the mid 1960s to the early 1970s and primarily details Chavez's affiliation with MEChA, her tenure as a lecturer in the Mexican-American Studies Department, and her early activism. Her papers include correspondence, syllabi, articles, course files, handouts, newspapers, conference material, and reports. The collection is divided into three series: the Groups and Organizations Files (1965-2000), Education Files (1962-1980), and Publications (1955-1980).

The Groups and Organizations Files (1965-2000) include two sub-series, Community Organizations (1969-1983) and Student Groups (1965-2000).  These files document the various organizations and groups Chavez participated in particularly during the mid 1960s to early 1970s.  The Community Organizations sub-series documents Chavez's interest in and affiliation with various community organizations, including the Chicano Federation and Barrio Station. The sub-series, arranged alphabetically, includes meeting notes, announcements, agendas, proposals, reports, and committee files.  The Student Groups Files documents Chavez's participation in MEChA, Las Chicanas, and the Association of Chicana Activists (AChA) mainly during the early 1970s.  Of particular interest are the MEChA junta directives dealing with the Mexican-American Studies Department at San Diego State University.  Arranged alphabetically, this sub-series includes meeting minutes, newsletters, conference material, and announcements from both SDSU chapters and other local and state chapters.

The Education Files (1962-1980) are divided into two sub-series, Bilingual Education (1962-1980) and Higher Education (1964-1980).  The files document Chavez's work as a counselor and educator. The Bilingual Education files document Chavez's counseling work and bilingual education advocacy.  The majority of material dates from 1965 to 1975 and includes materials on teaching techniques, reports, studies, bibliographies, and conference material with a focus on primary and secondary education.  The Higher Education files document Chavez's role in developing the curriculum of the Mexican-American Studies Department during its early years with a focus on Chicana issues.  The files also detail her association with the Chicano Council for Higher Education (CCHE) and the Centro de Estudios.  Highlights include materials for the Chicano Mobile Institute, which trained higher education personnel to recruit, retain, and provide financial assistance for Mexican-American students.  Arranged alphabetically, the files include correspondence, course descriptions, readings, conference material, reports, proposals, brochures, and seminar materials.

The Publications (1955-1980) are organized into two sub-series, Articles (1955-1978) and Periodicals (1965-1980).  These sub-series provide excellent documentation of events, groups, and topics Chavez was involved with and/or interested in throughout her career. The Articles sub-series includes articles from journals, books, and newspapers relating to feminism, politics, the Chicano movement, and demonstrations, especially from 1966 to 1974.  The Periodicals consist of full issues of important activist newspapers, newsletters, magazines, and journals, including La Verdad, The Militant, La Raza, Young Lords, El Grito del Norte, and El Malcriado.  Both sub-series are arranged alphabetically.

Biographical Note

Enriqueta Chavez (neé Valenzuela), also known as Henri, grew up in Imperial Valley, California.  During her childhood, her family went to Fresno every summer to work as grape pickers.  After graduating high school in 1968, Chavez attended San Diego State University.  She received a Bachelor of Science in Community Health and Chicano Studies in 1973, followed by a Master of Science in Counselor Education one year later.  While a student at SDSU, Chavez helped to found the SDSU chapters of the Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA) and Las Chicanas.  She attended the first National Chicano Youth Conference in Denver, Colorado, and became very active in the Chicano movement.  In 1974, Chavez began lecturing in the Mexican-American Studies Department at SDSU (now named the Chicana and Chicano Studies Department).  As a lecturer, Chavez helped to develop the curriculum of the department.  Her classes generally centered on Chicana issues.

In 1975, Chavez began working as a high school counselor for the Sweetwater School District while continuing to lecture at SDSU.  She later served as co-chair of the Chicano Council for Higher Education (CCHE) and president of the Association of Mexican-American Educators.  Besides promoting higher education for Mexican-Americans, Chavez also advocated bilingual education for primary and secondary school students. In addition, Chavez has won numerous awards for her work counseling and teaching, including Counselor of the Year (1992), Educator of the Year (1997), and the WHO Award (2005) sponsored by the San Diego County Service Center Council.  Today, Chavez continues to work as a high school counselor and as a Professor in Counselor Education at National University.

Subject/Index Terms

Chicano movement--California
San Diego State University. Chicana and Chicano Studies

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections & University Archives

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: The copyright interests in these materials have not been transferred to San Diego State University. Copyright resides with the creators of materials contained in the collection or their heirs. The nature of historical archival and manuscript collections is such that copyright status may be difficult or even impossible to determine.  Requests for permission to publish must be submitted to the Head of Special Collections, San Diego State University, Library and Information Access. When granted, permission is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical item and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder(s), which must also be obtained in order to publish. Materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials.

Acquisition Source: Gus Chavez

Related Materials:

Rene Nuñez Memorial Collection, 1968-2008

Carmen Sandoval Fernandez Poster Collection, 1974-1983

Arturo Casares Papers, 1968-2007

Maria Garcia Papers, 1968-1997

Chicano Federation of San Diego County Records, 1968-1980

Chicana and Chicano Studies Department Records, 1968-2003

MANA of San Diego County Records, 1986-2002

Preferred Citation: Identification of item, folder title, box number, Enriqueta Chavez Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Library and Information Access, San Diego State University.

Other Note: This collection was processed as part of the Chicano Studies Archives Project, made possible by a grant from the President's Leadership Fund.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Groups and Organizations Files, 1965-2000],
[Series 2: Education Files, 1962-1980],
[Series 3: Publications, 1955-1980],
[All]

Series 1: Groups and Organizations Files, 1965-2000Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Community Organizations, 1969-1983Add to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Aztlan Reality or a Myth - Alurista, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Barrio Station, 1971-1973Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Barrio Station Meeting, April 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Barrio Station Refunding Proposal - Arturo Cesares, 1971-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Barrio Station Training, April 24, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Bay Area Raza Coalition for Health (BARCH), April 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Bibliotecarios para La Raza, Committee to Recruit Mexican American Librarians, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Birth Control Presentation, Henri ChavezAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Birth of the Bracero Program, 1940Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Brown Berets, April 11, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 11: California Prop 22, Anti Farm Workers, October 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Camp Oliver, Descanso, California, Protest Against Catholic Church, November 29,1969Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Canciones Revolucionarias de Mexico, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Chacan, Peter - Assembleyman, SB 33 - Mentally Placement, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Chavez, Enriqueta (Henri) - Biography, 1996Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Chicana Conference, Whittier College, November 11, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Chicana Feminist Journal, Request for Articles, Adelaida del CastilloAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: Chicana Health Issues, CSU Santa Barbara, Henri, Gilda, Janet, Kathy, October 5, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Chicana Poetry, Xochil AlejandraAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Chicana Secretarial and Clerical Association, San DiegoAdd to your cart.
Folder 21: Chicana Service Action Center, Los Angeles, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Chicana Service Action Center (CSAC) and Comision Femenil Mexicana (CFM), 1972-1976Add to your cart.
Folder 23: La Chicana Welferiana (Dark Silent Women)Add to your cart.
Folder 24: La Chicana y su Salud, Gilda S. Rivera, Enriqueta Chavez, Maria GarciaAdd to your cart.
Folder 25: Chicanas for Creative Medicine, January 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Chicanas Meetings, Los Angeles, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Chicanas Meeting minutes, July-August 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Chicanas National Meeting, Washington D.C., Henri Chavez, July 1, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 29: Chicanas on the moveAdd to your cart.
Folder 30: Chicanas Publications Meetings, December 2, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 31: Chicano Federation, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 32: Chicano Federation, June 14, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 33: Chicano Federation Dinner, March 4, 1983Add to your cart.
Folder 34: Chicano Federation Minutes, April 1969, July 1969-1970Add to your cart.
Folder 35: Chicano Federation Newsletter, September 5, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 36: Chicano Federation Reports, April 1971Add to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Chicano in the Southwest, July 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Chicano Legal Defense Committee, August 12, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Chicano Liberation Defense Committee - DenverAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Chicano ParkAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Chicanos for Community Health, June 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Citizens Advisory Council on the Status of Women: The Equal Rights Amendment - What it will and won't do, August 8, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Citizens United for Racial Equality (CURE), Chicano Symposium, February 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Coachella, Stop the Grapes, June 6, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Coachella Valley PicketAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: Comision Femenil MexicanaAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: Comision Femenil Mexicana Nacional, Inc. Convention, June 2-3, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Comite Nacional Hermandad General de Trabajadores (CASA): Burt CoronaAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: Concilio Mujeres - San Francisco, La Razon Mestiza II, Special Edition, Summer 1975Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Consultation for Spanish - Surnamed Women, March 25, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Coors Beer BoycottAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: Deaths from Maternal Diseases, Enriqueta Chavez, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Free All Political Prisoners: Luis TalamantezAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: Governor's Chicana Issue Conference, USE, Irene Tovar, Special Assistant to Governor B. Brown, 1980Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Group Assertion Training for Spanish Speaking Mexican-American Mothers, La Colonia, Oxnard, CAAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Health Clinics - Chicanos, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Hijas de CuauhtemocAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: Hijas de Cuauhtemoc Newspaper, Pre-Houston National Chicana ConferenceAdd to your cart.
Folder 23: Huelga General - Articles, Newspapers, 1970-1971Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Information Research Center on the Disadvantaged, March 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Leaflet, Williams Campaign, July 19, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Letter of Apology, Re: Chicano Clinic, Henri's Challenge on Missing Funds, April 9, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Letters - Young Lords Party, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 28: Los Angeles Rally, Rosalio Muñoz, Denver Paper / Bishop Patrick Fernandez Flores, August 29, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 29: Mascarones, Obras de Emiliano Zapata y Pancho VillaAdd to your cart.
Folder 30: MAAC ProjectAdd to your cart.
Folder 31: Mexican American Political Association - San BernanrdinoAdd to your cart.
Folder 32: Mexican American Political Association - San Diego, El Mapista, Jim Estrada, February 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 33: La Mujer en Pie de Lucha, Dorina MorenoAdd to your cart.
Folder 34: La Mujer - Destruccion de Mitos, Yolanda Gloria Guardiola / Garza Birdwell, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 35: Mujeres de la Raza, Dorinda Moreno Gladden, CSU San FranciscoAdd to your cart.
Folder 36: National Brown Beret Enforcement Conference, December 3,1969Add to your cart.
Folder 37: National Conference, Houston TexasAdd to your cart.
Folder 38: National Chicano Health Organization (NCHO), 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 39: National Chicano Youth Conference - Crusade for JusticeAdd to your cart.
Folder 40: National Conference for Fair Immigration Laws and Practices, East L.A. College, C.A.S.AAdd to your cart.
Folder 41: Nieto-Gomez, Ana - CSU Northridge, 1976Add to your cart.
Folder 42: Padre Hidalgo Center, Spanish Speaking Women's ESL, Vocational Training Program, 1976Add to your cart.
Folder 43: Petition to United Nations Regarding the Treatment of Immigrants, March 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 44: Protest Del Rio Texas, Jose Angel GuitierrezAdd to your cart.
Folder 45: Racism in Canneries of CAAdd to your cart.
Folder 46: La Raza UnidaAdd to your cart.
Folder 47: San Diegans for La Huelga, United Farm WorkersAdd to your cart.
Folder 48: San Diego State College (SDSC) Chicana Conference, January 6, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 49: San Diego Urban Coalition, Chicanas Presentation, May 5, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 50: San Fernando Valley Chicanos Coalition, Santos Rodriguez 12 yr old boy killed, Dallas, Texas, August 10, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 51: San Ysidro, California - Community Issues, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 52: Second Annual Chicana Conference, February 16, 1974Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Seminario de Chicanas, SONSS by Olivia Puentes Reynolds, Program Celia Rameriz--Laura CortezAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Socio-Economic Froces in Mexican ImmigrationAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Southwest Council of La Raza, August 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Southwest States Chicano Consumer Conference on Health, San Antonio Texas, H.E.W., January 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Southwestern Young Socialist Conference, Los Angeles, November 28-30Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Statement of Revolutionary Causes, Manuel GomezAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Los Toltecas en Aztlan, San DiegoAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: Tres-Actos Chicano Theater, Brown Berets, J. Sanchez, February 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Trio Moreno - Children's Benefit - Savor y Rondalla Amerindia-Liberation House, February 1, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 10: United Farm Workers - Chicano Songs, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 11: United Farm Workers - Pesticides Health Impact on Farm Workers, 1969, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Voices in Chicana Leadership by Guadalupe Corona - DraftAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: Walker's Appeal, March 27, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Woman QuestionAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: Women's Liberation Movement, 1973, 1979Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Working Women for Freedom, October 29Add to your cart.
Folder 17: World Congress of Women, Cuban Women Federation, Halsinki, 1969Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Student Groups, 1965-2000Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 18: 4th Annual Chicano Student Conference, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Association of Chicana Activists (AChA) - 3rd Annual Chicana/Latina High School Conference, October 27, 1995Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Calstate University, Demonstration Demands, April 13, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 21: CAMP Program, MECHA Concerns, February 7, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Castillo, Gato - Personal Criticism and Possible solutions, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Centro de Estudios Chicanos, June 9, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Las Chicanas, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Las Chicanas Central Meetings, April 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Las Chicanas Meeting minutes #2, July 18, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Las Chicanas Regional Conference BudgetAdd to your cart.
Folder 28: Chicano Movement Student Walkouts, Los Angeles, February 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 29: Chicano Students meet with Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare at MECHA House, June 28, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 30: Chicano Studies Internal Issues - MECHA, February 28, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 31: Chicano Walkout, Lincoln High School Demands, San DiegoAdd to your cart.
Folder 32: Chicano Walkout - Mante Perez - Trio National Mountains, Denver, Colorado, July 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 33: Chino Prison, Culture Program, MECHA SDSU, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 34: Comite de Economia, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 35: El Corrido de Aztlan, Takeover of Campanile Tower, SDSU, April 6, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 36: Junta Directiva, SDSU, Centro de Estudios Chicanos, September 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 37: Junta Directiva, Spring 1969Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Junta Directiva - SDSU, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Junta Directiva Meeting SDSU, December 13, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Marroquin, Jeorge - Opposition to Chicano Activist-Logan Barrio, April 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 4: MAYA Consitution, 1969-1970Add to your cart.
Folder 5: MAYA Club Offering Aid, December 8, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 6: MAYA-MEChA Central, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 7: MAYA Sacramento State College, April 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 8: MECHA, September 10, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 9: MECHA - 4th Annual Chicano Student Conference, SDSU, December 4, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 10: MECHA - 6th Annual High School Conference, February 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 11: MECHA - 10th Annual Chicanos High School Conference, SDSU, November 22Add to your cart.
Folder 12: MECHA battles Associated Students (AS) CouncilAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: MECHA Budget Proposal, 1971-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 14: MECHA - Cal State Los Angeles, Chicano Demonstrations Attacked by Police, February 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 15: MECHA - Cal State Los Angeles, January 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 16: MECHA Call List, SDSU, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 17: MECHA Central San Diego, February 17, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 18: MECHA - Chicano Student Conference, SDSU, October 25Add to your cart.
Folder 19: MECHA Chicano Studies Conflict, December 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 20: MECHA - Junta at Chicano Federation, May 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 21: MECHA Constituion Original, SDSCAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: MECHA, FBI, Tijuana, INS ReportAdd to your cart.
Folder 23: MECHA Graduation, SDSU 20th Annual Chicano Graduation, May 26,2000Add to your cart.
Folder 24: MECHA High School Conference, SDSUAdd to your cart.
Folder 25: MECHA High School Conference, November 1995Add to your cart.
Folder 26: MECHA House, Governing PoliciesAdd to your cart.
Folder 27: MECHA House, SDSU, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 28: MECHA Meeting Agenda, SDSU, March 27, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 29: MECHA MembersAdd to your cart.
Folder 30: MECHA Meeting - Central Junta, September 6, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 31: MECHA-MAYA General Business, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 32: MECHA Newsletter - SDSU, October-November 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 33: MECHA Nueva Vista Conference Report, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 34: MECHA: A Plan of Organization, September 27, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 35: MECHA Raises Aztlan Flag on Top of Hardy Tower, April 6, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 36: MECHA's Relationship with the Raza Unida PartyAdd to your cart.
Folder 37: MECHA SDSU, 1969-1971Add to your cart.
Folder 38: MECHA UCLA, May 11, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 39: MECHA UCSD NewsletterAdd to your cart.
Folder 40: MECHA - University of Washington, La Cara de Aztlan, May 1-5Add to your cart.
Folder 41: Semana de La Mujer, CSU Northridge "Enfrentando La Vida," Enriqueta Chavez Invite, April 27, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 42: Semana de La Raza, SDSU, MECHA, May 3, 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 43: Semana de La Raza, SDSU, MECHA, May 3-7, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 44: Semana de La Raza, MECHAAdd to your cart.
Folder 45: Semana Nacional de La Raza, MECHA CSU Long Beach, May 1-6, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 46: Stanford para mi? Seguro Que Si!, MECHA, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 47: Tupamaros - Film MECHA - Chicano Studies - Montezuma Hall, February 6, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 48: University of California, Berkeley, Mexican-American Student Confederation-President HitchAdd to your cart.
Folder 49: University of San Diego, Workshop, Mexican American Youth Movement, August 6-20, 1969Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Groups and Organizations Files, 1965-2000],
[Series 2: Education Files, 1962-1980],
[Series 3: Publications, 1955-1980],
[All]


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